A variety of wildland fire maps are available, including interactive online maps that enable you to zoom in, and wildland fire data available in Google Earth.
Maps on Inciweb and/or NMFireInfo.com
Perimeter maps are usually created by GPS data collected by various sources like helicopters, fixed wing aircraft that fly over the fire and by personnel on the ground. However, it’s not always possible to get GPS data. Sometimes it’s too smoky to see where the fire is burning from the air. Other times it may be too windy to fly or a higher priority mission takes precedence. When that occurs managers will generally piece together data from the best available sources (Infrared data, firefighter reports from the field, etc.)
These maps are usually posted to https://Inciweb.nwcg.gov (and/or NMFireInfo.com) as they are available. Perimeter maps may appear on the interactive Google Earth map on the main incident page (ex. https://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/3864/). You can zoom in and out with this map, and select a hybrid or terrain view. (This Active Fire Perimeter is also available in Google Earth as part of the NIROPS CDE KML bundle https://fsapps.nwcg.gov/nirops/). This map is updated as frequently as possible, however it may not always reflect the current perimeter.
Always check the incident Maps page that you can get to from the main incident page, by clicking on “Maps.” (ex. http://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/maps/3864/). This page will generally have a variety of .jpg and/or .pdf maps with the most user friendly data available. These are usually electronic versions of the maps used on fire information boards, community meetings, etc. Sometimes progression maps are available as well; these maps illustrate the growth of the fire over time.
Infrared Data Facts (from https://www.nifc.gov/aboutNIFC/about_main.html)
- Infrared scanners can detect a hotspot on the ground that is six inches across from 14,000 feet above ground. A heat source needs to be about 600 degrees to be detected. Typical scanning flight is 10,000 AGL.
- Infrared scanning is done at night due to favorable temperature contrasts.
- Scanners can cover almost 1 million acres in one hour of flight time.
- Two US Forest Service aircraft are used for infrared flights (King Air and Cessna Citation jet). Infrared flights cost between $1,000 and $5,000.
More detailed info – https://fsapps.nwcg.gov/nirops/pages/about
Interactive Online Maps You Can Use to Zoom In
Enterprise Geospatial Portal – To view an interactive map of the fire, visit the Fire Enterprise Geospatial Portal (EGP) at https://maps.nwcg.gov/sa. Click on the icons on the left to select the layers you want to view. Recommended layers include Active Incidents, Satellite Fire Detections, and Active Fire Perimeters.
New Mexico Watch: Active Wildfires – http://www.nmwatch.org/ Use this map to zoom in, view current and historic fire perimeters, measure distances, and more.
This interactive website distributes maps, data, and related information of natural disasters within New Mexico. This application was developed by the Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico (EDAC/UNM) in collaboration with the New Mexico Department of Information Technology (DoIT) as a public service. The maps and data are informational only and may not be suitable for legal or engineering purposes.
User guide – http://www.nmwatch.org/help.html
For additional information, visit http://www.nmwatch.org and click on Additional Information.
NMED Wildfire Mapper – http://gis.nmenv.state.nm.us/wildfire/ Use this map to view wildfire perimeters in relation to environmental resources.
Disclaimer: the data provided on New Mexico Environment Department in these web maps are provided for orientation only. They are not to be used for professional services, publications, or legal actions. The Department endeavors to provide complete, current, and correct data to the best of its abilities. However the data depicted here are not updated in real time and the last update for each layer of information is different. The data may have errors and omissions.
Interior Geospatial Emergency Management System (IGEMS) Map https://igems.doi.gov/
The Interior Geospatial Emergency Management System (IGEMS) provides the public with both an overview and more specific information on current natural hazard events. It is supported by the Department of the Interior Office of Emergency Management and Online Medical Assistant Programs.
Firewise Communities/USA® Map http://www.firewise.org/usa-recognition-program/firewise-map.aspx
Use this interactive map to access spatial information about where Firewise Communities/USA® sites are located and learn where wildland fires are occurring within the United States at any given time. All layers are interactive and have an associated ‘pop-up’ with attribute information.
GeoMac viewer https://www.geomac.gov/
How Does GeoMac Work?
GeoMAC is an internet based mapping application which allows the public to access online maps of current fire locations and perimeters using standard web browsers.
In order to give fire managers near real-time information, fire perimeter data is updated daily based upon input from incident intelligence sources, GPS data, infrared (IR) imagery from fixed wing and satellite platforms. The GeoMAC web site allows users in remote locations to manipulate map information displays, zoom in and out to display fire information at various scales and detail, and print hard copy maps for use in fire information and media briefings, dispatch offices and coordination centers. The fire maps also have relational databases in which the user can display information on individual fires such as name of the fire, current acreage and other fire status information.
See the Help page (https://www.geomac.gov/help.shtml) for more specific information.
Disclaimer – please visit https://www.geomac.gov/about.shtml for more information.
Wildland Fire Data in Google Earth
You need to have Google Earth open on your computer before opening these layers. To install Google Earth visit: http://google.com/earth
To View Wildfire Data in Google Earth on an iPhone or iPad: Use the Safari Browser to go to one of links below, click on the KML file you want, then Open in Google Earth.
Wildland Fire Data in Google Earth– https://fsapps.nwcg.gov/afm/googleearth.php
Wildfire Perimeter Maps from GeoMAC – https://www.geomac.gov/asp-bin/GeoMACKML/getKML.aspx
National Infrared Operations – https://fsapps.nwcg.gov/nirops/
Additional Wldland Fire Related KMZ/KML Links – http://geta.firenet.gov/web-links
What do the colored boxes in the MODIS layer mean?
The Fire Detections (MODIS) https://fsapps.nwcg.gov/afm/googleearth.php layer (Also available in Google Earth as part of the NIROPS CDE KML bundle http://nirops.fs.fed.us/) represents heat sensed by satellite and is updated several times throughout the day, providing near real-time information.
Each 1 km MODIS fire detection is depicted as a point representing the centroid of the 1 km pixel where the fire is detected. They are categorized by time of detection; last 6, 12 and 24 hours, and all detections previous within the last 24 hour period.
The MODIS data represents heat, but sometimes can be misleading as it may pick up heat from a smoke column, etc. outside the fire’s perimeter. But it can help provide a sense of where the fire is most active throughout the day.
MODIS Active Fire Mapping Program FAQs – https://fsapps.nwcg.gov/afm/faq.php
Other Map Resources